White limestone is a valuable sedimentary rock, composed mainly of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) plus a minimum percentage of impurities. The lower this proportion, the whiter the limestone will be. It is precisely this characteristic that is highly appreciated by those seeking to create environments full of harmony and luminosity. Its elegant and versatile appearance is used both in interiors and exteriors, especially on façades and floors.
The texture of limestone varies according to its origin. When distinguishing the different types of limestone, we can look at the thickness of its grains, uniformity and compactness.
Types of white limestone
The most representative white limestones are the Capri, Marbella, Luna and Shell Reef limestones.
Capri limestone is a natural stone with a white background, fine-grained and uniform, with small cream-coloured specks scattered throughout the stone. The resistance of this limestone to weathering makes it an exceptional material for exterior and interior façades and paving.
The Marbella limestone is extracted from the same quarry as the Capri, therefore, both have a very similar aesthetic. However, the Marbella limestone is more unique as it is not as homogeneous as the Capri.
Of the same origin as the previous limestones, the Luna limestone is characterised by its non-uniformity. In fact, it is formed by fossils and flecks of dark tone that give it personality.
Shell Reef limestone
The main characteristic of the Shell Reef limestone is the strong presence of marine fossils. This gives it an indisputable natural beauty.
The most commonly used finishes of this limestone are aged and sandblasted, giving them a non-slip effect. For this reason, Shell Reef limestone is perfect for outdoor flooring and pool edges.
Advantages of white limestone
White limestone has a number of advantages over other materials, making it a strong candidate for architects and interior designers. Among the main advantages are the following:
White limestone is known for its clean and luminous colour, making it the choice for many building and decorating projects. Its elegant and timeless look can give spaces a fresh and spacious ambience.
Limestone is very versatile, being used in a wide variety of applications, such as the manufacture of tiles, steps, worktops, facades, wall cladding, etc. Its neutral tonality is perfect for combining it with other tones or materials.
Hardness and durability
Although limestone is not as hard as some other natural stones, such as granite, it is resistant enough to withstand the wear and tear of being outdoors or the fluid traffic of people.
Ease of cutting and carving
The processing of marble and limestone is relatively easy compared to other natural stones. This quality gives us the possibility to create different types of pieces and designs.
Low thermal conductivity
Limestone has a low thermal conductivity, i.e. it does not retain heat. This makes it suitable for use in swimming pool surrounds as well as in hot climates.
Although limestone is porous compared to other marbles and natural stones, its porosity is generally low to moderate. This means that it may be less prone to absorb water and dirt. Even so, we recommend the use of waterproofing products to avoid the appearance of damp, mould, etc.
Limestone is now abundant and found in many parts of the world, making it readily available.
Applications of white limestone
White limestone is used in a wide variety of applications due to its attractive appearance, versatility and durability. Here are the most common uses of limestone.
White limestone is used for cladding building facades, providing an elegant and timeless look.
Indoor and outdoor flooring
Due to the durability and attractive appearance of white limestone, it can be used for indoor and outdoor flooring, as well as for streets and pavements.
Worktops and surfaces
It is mainly used in the manufacture of bathroom countertops, due to its elegant appearance and stain resistance. It is also found on tables, shop counters and other commercial surfaces.
White limestone is used in interior wall cladding, flooring and fireplaces, providing an elegant and bright ambience. It is also used in mouldings, window frames and other decorative details.
Monuments and gravestones
Many historical monuments and gravestones are made of white limestone because of its durability and the ease with which inscriptions and designs can be carved.
Due to its ability to withstand pressure and its durability, white limestone is used in the construction of retaining walls in landscaping and civil engineering projects.
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